Australia's future climate

Australia’s climate in the decades ahead will be different from what it was in the past.

The following climate projections are sourced from the Australian Government's Climate Change in Australia report and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Projections for other states and territories are coming soon.


Updated climate change projections for Australia's NRM regions (reports) with specifics - CSIRO

Cluster Reports for 8 regions of Australia have been designed by CSIRO to assist regional decision makers in understanding the important messages deduced from climate change projection modelling. The reports present a range of emissions scenarios across multiple variables and years. 

A set of brochures has also been released, summarising key climate change projections for each of the 8 clusters.

The brochures include:  


The State of the Climate Report

Every two years, since 2010, CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology have been releasing a definitive report on long term trends in Australia’s climate - The State of the Climate (SoC). 

Each SoC (2010, 2012 and 2014) provides a summary of observations of Australia's climate, as well as analysis of the factors that influence it.

The latest SoC was released in 2014 and presents a summary of temperature, rainfall, tropical cyclone, sea level and greenhouse gas concentration observations over recent years.

Relevent and recent information from these reports will be used to update this website.


Watch: The Bureau's State of the Climate 'behind the science' videos: 


Scorcher heatwave tool

The Scorcher website defines heatwaves based on peer-reviewed and published scientific research, conducted at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science

A heatwave is defined as at least three consecutive days where the daily maximum temperature is in the top 10 percent of warmest temperatures for that calendar date. 

The website uses daily temperature records that extend back to 1910. It's 3 main functions are to:

  • Display where in Australia heatwaves are currently occurring
  • Highlight recent and past heatwaves events for individual observation sites; and
  • Summarise information of past events at each site.

For more details go to the Scorcher website FAQ page.

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